News Industry long products 16 May 2023
In monetary terms, the export of such products decreased by 13.5% m/m for the month
In April 2023, steel enterprises of Ukraine reduced the export of long rolled products by 17.5% compared to the previous month – to 35.95 thousand tons. In monetary terms, the export of such products fell by 13.5% m/m – to $35.31 million. This is evidenced by State Customs Service’s data.
Compared to April 2022, in April 2023, steel enterprises of Ukraine reduced the revenue from the sale of long rolled products by 50.8%. It is impossible to calculate the difference in export volumes in natural terms due to the lack of data.
In January-April 2023, Ukraine exported 132.43 thousand tons of long-rolled products worth $124.29 million. Revenue from the sale of products abroad decreased by 56.3% compared to the same period last year, and export volumes – by 57,1%.
Hot-rolled bars and rods were exported the most in four months (Nomenclature – 7213) – 71.63 thousand tons for $48.18 million. In April, 20.39 thousand tons were shipped (-16.8% m/m) for $14 million (-15.9% m/m). Also, 40.13 thousand tons of carbon steel wire (Nomenclature – 7217) were exported for $40.44 million, in April – 9.75 thousand tons (-17% m/m) for $9.69 million (-18.2% m/m).
The three leaders among types of long rolled products in terms of export volumes from Ukraine in January-April 2023 are closed by other carbon steel rods and bars, without further processing, twisted (Nomenclature – 7214) – 7.56 thousand tons for $5.55 million. In April, steel companies reduced the export of such products by 51.4% compared to the previous month – to 1.24 thousand tons. Revenue from its shipment fell by 52.4% m/m – to $913,000
The largest consumers of Ukrainian hot-rolled rods and bars in the four months of 2023 are Romania and Poland – 44.86% and 25.79%, respectively, in monetary terms. Poland (37.4%) and Germany (20.2%) consumed about 60% of Ukrainian-made wire. Among the main buyers of other rods and bars are Moldova (71%), Slovakia (12.7%) and Poland (13.3%).
After the Russian invasion of Ukraine, the export of ferrous metals decreased sharply due to the blockade of ports, logistical problems, the negative situation on the world markets, as well as the destruction of large steel plants in Mariupol – Azovstal and Ilyich Iron and Steel Works. These problems were compounded by the shelling of Ukraine’s energy infrastructure by Russian forces at the end of 2022, which forced steel companies to reduce production to a minimum or completely suspend production.
Now the situation with energy supply has stabilized, steelmakers are increasing capacity, and demand on world markets is picking up. Although the pre-war indicators are still unattainable for Ukrainian steelmakers, the monthly dynamics indicate a gradual increase in steel exports and production. The main factor holding back production now is the blockade of sea ports, which makes it impossible to ship significant volumes of products and open new markets, since steel is delivered mainly to Europe by rail, and logistics costs exceed pre-war indicators several times.
As GMK Center reported earlier, in 2022 steel enterprises of Ukraine reduced the export of long rolled products by 59.7% compared to 2021 – to 748.95 thousand tons. The revenue of steelmakers from the export of such products fell by 55% y/y – to $693.53 million. The most exported hot-rolled bars and rods in bundles (Nomenclature – 7213) – 406.6 thousand tons for $310 million, which is 56.1% and 54.2% less, respectively, compared to the indicator of 2021.