Ministry clarified the national exchange rate
The Ministry for Development of Economy, Trade and Agriculture of Ukraine forecasts a 26.3% growth in the nominal gross domestic product in 2021–2023 — from ₴4,505.9 billion to ₴5,689.7 billion.
These figures are presented in the draft resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine on approval of the Forecast for Economic and Social Development of Ukraine for 2021–2023. The government is going to consider the document at its today’s meeting.
Key forecast macro indicators of economic and social development of Ukraine for 2021–2023
|Nominal gross domestic product, ₴ billion||4505.9||5089.4||5689.7|
|GDP growth y-o-y, %||4.6||4.3||4.7|
|Average consumer price index y-o-y, %||8.1||6.7||6|
|Consumer price index in December y-o-y||7.3||6.2||5.3|
|Industrial producer price index in December y-o-y||8.7||8||6.1|
|Profit of profit-making companies, ₴ billion||911||1034.6||1171.9|
|Nominal average monthly salary, ₴ gross||13 632||15 414||17 169|
|Salaries for hired workers and financial support for military men, ₴ billion||1417||1612||1816.1|
|Number of people aged 15–70 engaged in economic activity, million people||16.36||16.66||16.84|
|Unemployment rate among people aged 15–70, % of workforce in the same age group||9.2||8.5||8|
|Labor productivity, % y-o-y||4.4||2.4||3.6|
|Trade balance, $ million||-10 416||-13 643||-16 996|
|Exports of goods and services, $ million||60 175||64 018||69 284|
|Exports of goods and services, % y-o-y||2.9||6.4||8.2|
|Imports of goods and services, $ million||70 591||77 661||86 280|
|Imports of goods and services, % y-o-y||10.6||10||11.1|
Data source: Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers
In the explanatory note to the draft Resolution, the Ministry of Economy expressed its concern about possible strengthening of UAH in 2021 to an extent more than expected.
That is why in the finalized document, the Ministry adjusted the exchange rate forecast for the national currency.
“In the framework of evaluation of fiscal risks for the budget, the Ministry of Economy used an integral econometric model to project the impact of a stronger UAH on forecast macro indicators. For the purpose of the evaluation, ₴27/$1 and ₴28/$1 were taken as the average exchange rate for 2021, with other assumptions constant,” according to the explanatory note.
The Ministry points out that strengthening of UAH in 2021 from the estimated ₴29.1/$1 to ₴28–27/$1 will cost Ukraine some 0.2–0.5% of GDP.
“With the average yearly rate of ₴28/$1, the real GDP growth will reduce by 0.2 pp. At the same time, imports of goods and services will increase in real terms by 0.24 pp, while exports of goods and services will reduce by 0.21 pp, and final expenditures of households by 0.02 pp”, the explanatory note reads further.
As GMK Center reported earlier, the Ministry of Economy estimated a decline in Ukraine’s GDP in January–May 2020 at 5.9% compared to the same period a year earlier. The decline in industrial production over the first five months was 8.7%.
Last week, the NBU lowered its forecast for Ukraine’s GDP in 2020 from the earlier expected 5% to 6%.