Flat rolled steel

During the month, Ukrainian consumers imported 83.15 thousand tons of relevant products

In April 2024, Ukraine increased imports of flat products by 32.7% compared to the previous month to 83.15 thousand tons. Import costs amounted to $90.3 million, up 30.1% m/m. This is evidenced by the data of the State Customs Service.

Compared to April 2023, in April 2024, Ukrainian consumers increased imports of flat products by 28.1%, and the cost of purchasing foreign products by 18.5%.

In January-April, Ukraine imported 291.4 thousand tons of flat products, up 25.4% year-on-year. Import costs increased by 17% y/y – to $322.8 million.

Ukraine imported the most coated flat products (HS 7210) in 4 months – 129 thousand tons for $147.5 million. In April, imports amounted to 41.8 thousand tons (+54.5% m/m; +37.9% y/y) for $48.1 million (+60% m/m; +29.7% y/y). Also, 105.6 thousand tons of uncoated hot-rolled flat products (HS 7208) were imported for $85.26 million, and in April – 24 thousand tons (-2.1% m/m; -14.4% y/y) for $18.7 million (-6.7% m/m; +28.4% y/y).

Cold-rolled flat products made of uncoated carbon steel (HS 7209) were among the top three types of flat products imported to Ukraine in January-April, with 22.8 thousand tons worth $6.9 million. In April, imports amounted to 8.8 thousand tons (+135% m/m, +392% y/y) for $6.93 million (+132% m/m, +240% y/y).

Turkey, Poland and Slovakia were the largest suppliers of coated flat products in February, accounting for 29.1%, 16.8% and 15.4% in monetary terms, respectively. Turkey (52.4%), Italy (20.1%) and Slovakia (16.3%) shipped more than 90% of uncoated hot-rolled flat products. Turkey was the main supplier of uncoated cold-rolled flat products (79.4%).

The sharp increase in imports is due to the destruction of Mariupol steel mills that specialized in flat products. In addition, there is the impact of a low comparison base – in the first half of last year, economic activity was low due to the hostilities. Consequently, imports were not at the top of the agenda.

Imports of flat products are expected to grow in the long term, especially during the post-war recovery period. Imports will be the main source of supply to meet domestic demand. In the short term, imports will stabilize at a certain level, given the existing logistical constraints in the war.

As GMK Center reported earlier, in 2023, Ukraine increased imports of flat steel products by 93.2% compared to 2022, up to 908.2 thousand tons. Import costs increased by 48.4% y/y – to $1.03 billion. The largest suppliers of products were Turkey, Romania, Slovakia and China.