Steel import

The import of rolled steel for the month increased by 4.5% m/m

US steelmakers increased steel imports (rolled and semi-finished products) by 11.3% in April 2024 compared to March this year, to 2.8 million tons. This is according to the American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI).

Imports of rolled steel products increased by 4.5% last month compared to the previous month – to 2.09 million tons. Galvanized steel accounted for the largest volume of imports, amounting to 259.36 thousand tons (-9.3% m/m). Finished products accounted for 74.7% of total imports.

In January-April 2024, steel imports to the United States amounted to 10.34 million tons, up 4.5% compared to the same period in 2023. Deliveries of rolled steel products during this period increased by 2.2% y/y – to 7.59 million tons. Galvanized steel was imported the most during this period, amounting to 995.96 thousand tons (+38.2% y/y).

The main sources of steel imports to the United States in January-April were Canada, Brazil and Mexico – 2.35 million tons, 1.75 million tons and 1.43 million tons, respectively.

As GMK Center reported earlier, in 2023, the United States reduced steel imports by 8.7% compared to 2022, to 28.15 million tons. Last year, imports of rolled steel products decreased by 14.1% compared to 2022, to 21.69 million tons. The main sources of steel imports to the United States last year were Canada, Mexico and Brazil – 6.88 million tons, 4.18 million tons and 3.94 million tons, respectively.

The decline in US steel imports in 2023 was driven by a combination of high import tariffs, increased domestic production, lower demand for steel due to economic difficulties, and geopolitical factors, including sanctions against some exporting countries.

In 2023, the United States increased steel production by 0.2% compared to 2022 – to 80.7 million tons. Overall, global steel production for the month amounted to 1.85 billion tons, down 0.1% y/y. Thus, the United States is among the ten largest steel producing countries in the world according to World Steel.