According to the Ukrainian Seaports Authority, in March 2020, Ukrainian seaports increased export transshipment of iron ore by 49.1% to 2.96 million tons compared to March last year. Transshipment of ferrous metals in March dropped by 20.1% to 1.16 million tons.
In Q1, Ukrainian seaports increased export transshipment of iron ore by 48.2% to 7.8 million tons compared to the same period of the previous year.
Iron ore exports through seaports increased due to a 60.5% increase in transshipment in Pivdennyi Seaport to 7.1 million tons. Yuzhny Commercial Seaport SoE handled most iron ore cargo in this harbor.
The handling of ferrous metals for exports in Ukrainian ports decreased by 1.3% to 4.07 million tons in the first three months of the year.
Specifically, exports of rolled steel products decreased by 6.1% to 2.4 million tons. Pig iron transshipment increased by 31.6% to 675.7 thousand tons, scrap dropped by 52.7% to 7.4 thousand tons.
The following seaports increased exports of ferrous metals over the three months:
- Mariupol port — to 1.06 million tons (+ 28.6%);
- Port of Olvia — to 194.2 thousand tons (+ 21.1%);
- Odesa port — to 1.25 million tons (+ 21.7%);
- Izmail port — to 55.5 million tons (+ 3.4%).
The following seaports decreased exports of ferrous metals:
- Pivdennyi Seaport — to 211.1 thousand tons (-56.4%);
- Chernomorsk port — to 324.9 thousand tons (-23.8%);
- Kherson port — to 118.4 thousand tons (-23.3%);
- Mykolaiv port — to 844.8 thousand tons (-14%).
In January–March, Ukrainian seaports handled a total of 31.6 million tons of cargoes meant for export. This is 10.1% up from Q1 2019.
In 2019, transshipment of iron ore through Ukrainian seaports grew by 33% to 37.3 million tons, compared to the previous year. Furthermore, Ukrainian seaports transshipped 15.3 million tons of ferrous metals and 6.7 million tons of coal over the year.
In 2019, transportation by rail showed a variety of trends for various types of mining & metals cargoes. Specifically, transportation of iron and manganese ores increased by 2.7%, whereas that of ferrous metals, coke and scrap decreased by 5%, to 12.1% and down to 21.9% respectively.
This was reported by the State Statistics Service.
In 2019, the downward trend in rail freight traffic continued. Thus, Ukrzaliznytsia reduced the cargo transportation volume by 2.9%, down to 312.9 million tons, or by 2.4%, down to 181,844.7 million ton-kilometers. 262.6 million tons of cargoes were transported domestically and abroad, 1.9% down from 2018.
In 2019, Ukrzaliznytsia also reduced transportation of timber cargo by 58.3%, construction materials by 19.1%, coal by 6.4%, oil and petroleum products by 5.7%, cement by 4.9%.
At the same time, transportation of grain and grinding products increased by 21%, and of chemical fertilizers by 31.5%.
As reported earlier, in January–November 2019, the share of products of the mining & metals sector in the structure of rail transportations of Ukrzaliznytsia was 29.9%. Meanwhile, transportation of iron ore increased by 3%.
In 2018, the rail freight volume dropped by 5.1% to 322.3 million. This indicator has been declining for the eighth year in a row.
In the context of constantly growing tariffs, decreasing turnover of cars and a level of guarantees for the timeliness and completeness of shipments of goods, part of the cargo flow is automatically transferred from rail to road transportation. In 2019, the road transportation volume increased by 29.7% to 242.7 million tons.
According to the 2020 draft financial plan of Ukrzaliznytsia, the volume of cargo transportation in 2020 will increase by 5.5% against the cargo turnover expected in 2019, up to 192.6 million ton-kilometers, including:
- domestic traffic — by 9.3% to 68.4 million ton-kilometers;
- export freight traffic — by 3.7% to 83.0 million ton-kilometers;
- transit traffic — by 8.8% to 16.9 million ton-kilometers.
According to the Ukrainian Seaports Authority (USPA), transshipment of iron ore through Ukrainian seaports in 2019 grew by 33% to 37.3 million tons, compared to the previous year. This type of cargo ranks second in terms of transshipment volume.
Furthermore, Ukrainian seaports transferred 15.3 million tons of ferrous metals and 6.7 million tons of coal over the year. Transshipment of agricultural products was the largest in terms of volume, 60.4 million tons.
By the end of 2019, the seaports of Ukraine increased transshipments by 18.6% to 160 million tons. This is a record high figure.
“The seaports of Ukraine demonstrate an increase in cargo handling for the third year in a row. Three seaports at once — Yuzhny, Mykolaiv and the port of Olvia — reached the maximum transshipment volume in their history,” said Raivis Veckagans, USPA CEO.
The following four seaports became the leaders in terms of cargo transshipment: Yuzhny Seaport — 53.9 million tons (+26.1%), Mykolaiv Seaport — 33.4 million tons (+14.5%), Black Sea Port — 26.2 million tons (+21.4%), Odesa Seaport — 25.3 million tons (+16.8%).
As reported earlier, the share of Ukrainian steelmaking companies in the export cargo flow was 33.6% in 2018.