The European Business Association (EBA) calls on the Government to adopt as soon as possible and make public all regulations enabling the launch of the national greenhouse gas emissions trading system.

This opinion was advanced by the EBA Committee on Industrial Ecology and Sustainable Development following its participation in a round table held by the Verkhovna Rada Committee on Environmental Policy and Nature Management in conjunction with the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Natural Resources of Ukraine.

“A delayed launch of the national greenhouse gas emissions trading scheme erodes Ukraine’s reputation as a reliable participant in global climate change processes and increases risks of possible application of the Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism to Ukraine-made products,” the message said.

As reported earlier, the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine passed the Law “On the Fundamentals of Monitoring, Reporting and Verification of Greenhouse Gas Emissions” in December 2019. The adoption of the document marked the first stage in the introduction of greenhouse gas emissions trading in Ukraine.

At the same time, according to EBA experts, it is now important to clearly identify a structural unit to be vested with control powers. Moreover, it is necessary to develop a procedure for keeping the Unified Register of monitoring, reporting and verification of greenhouse gas emissions.

“Otherwise, the Law will not be applicable from January 2021 as planned,” EBA experts stressed.

According to business, further preparations for the full launch of the national greenhouse gas emissions trading system should include the following four main aspects:

  1. The СО2emissions trading system is to be launched at the end of the pilot period of monitoring, reporting and verification. But not earlier than January 2025.
  2. The launch should follow tests where greenhouse gas emission transactions are carried out, but with no financial consequences for participants in the trading system.
  3. Targets for СО2emissions by unit types and industries and the rules for allowances allocation should be based on accurate data from the national monitoring system and take into account the current state of development of individual industries and the possibility of raising funds for their modernization.
  4. Funds that will be received by the Government from the sale of emission allowances should be distributed in a transparent manner and spent primarily for environmental modernization and energy efficiency improvement of enterprises that purchased relevant allowances and for reimbursement of their costs associated with the functioning of the greenhouse gas allowances market.

The launch of the national market for СО2 emissions trading gained particular importance in connection with the European Green Deal adopted by the European Union early this year. Its main goal is to achieve climate neutrality of the European continent until 2050.

The introduction of the so-called Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism is deemed to be an instrument of the EU’s new climate policy. Basically, it is a special carbon tax to be imposed on products imported into the EU from countries that do not pay due attention to reducing СО2 emissions.

By signing the Association Agreement with the EU in 2014, Ukraine undertook to implement a number of documents on combating climate change. Among them there is the Directive 2003/87/EC establishing a scheme for greenhouse gas emission allowance trading.

Today, on 9 July, leaders of Ukrmetallurgprom, the National Association of Road Builders of Ukraine and M. P. Shulgin State Road Research Institute (DerzhdorNDI) signed a memorandum in Kyiv on promoting scientific and technological progress in road construction.

A journalist of GMK Center said that the document enshrines mutual intentions of the parties on developing progressive methods of construction, repair and maintenance of highways, expanding the base of road construction materials through research and use of alternative materials, in particular metallurgical slags.

According to Artem Bezuhlyi, DerzhdorNDI Director, the document is designed to intensify the use of slags in road construction. As a matter of fact, this process lacks serious implementation practice. At the same time, there is a necessary regulatory framework: DBN (State Building Norms), DSTU (State Standards of Ukraine), documents of the Cabinet of Ministers and positive experience of the use of slags at experimental sites.

Every week DerzhdorNDI prepares a report for Ukravtodor on the use of secondary materials in road construction. According to road project documents that have passed examination, it is currently planned to use 482 thousand cubic meters of slags. This figure is however far from final. According to reports, the use of slags has doubled in recent weeks.

Oleksandr Kalenkov, Ukrmetallurgprom President, noted that the use of metallurgical slags in road construction will help solve a number of environmental problems. Indeed, slag deposits in Ukraine amount to 160 million tons.

Yet, the economic feasibility of slag recycling still poses a problem. Specifically, this concerns logistic costs. In this regard, Ukrmetallurgprom is going to discuss with Ukrzaliznytsia (Ukrainian Railway) management the possibility of maintaining the out-of-class cargo status for slags. This should ensure the economic feasibility of supplies of slags to highway construction sites.

As GMK Center reported earlier, the State Agency of Automobile Roads of Ukraine, Ukravtodor, made a statement in late June that it had used the first 30 thousand cubic meters of metallurgical slags in the construction of highways under the Big Construction project.

In 2020, the company plans to use more than 482 thousand cubic meters of metallurgical slags for road construction in Kharkiv, Donetsk, Dnipropetrovsk and Zaporizhzhia oblasts.

According to estimations of GMK Center, Ukraine has the potential to increase at least fivefold the use of slags in road construction. There are around 430 thousand km of roads in the country. If at least 3 thousand km are annually repaired (around 0.6% of their length), consumption of slag will increase to at least 5 million tons, a five-fold increase from now.

Министерство охраны окружающей среды и природных ресурсов Украины (Министерство природных ресурсов) определило четыре приоритета политики по защите климата на 2020 год.

Об этом заявила Ирина Ставчук , заместитель министра охраны окружающей среды и природных ресурсов Украины, на круглом столе «Готова ли Украина к изменению климата: роль парламента».

Основные приоритеты климатической политики на 2020 год включают:

1. Общая политика защиты климата:

2. Адаптация к изменению климата:

3. Внедрение системы мониторинга, отчетности и проверки выбросов парниковых газов:

4. Регулирование деятельности, связанной с озоноразрушающими веществами и фторированными парниковыми газами:

Министерство природных ресурсов в настоящее время рассматривает три возможных сценария, при которых уровни выбросов парниковых газов во всех секторах украинской экономики к 2030 году составят 46%, 29%, 27% соответственно от базовых уровней 1990 года. Министерство, можно сказать даже сейчас, что цель второго Предполагаемого национального определяемого в Украине вклада в сокращение или ограничение выбросов парниковых газов в 2030 году будет не менее амбициозной, чем соответствующий показатель ЕС.

«На самом деле мы ориентируемся на привлечение различных секторов Украины, включая энергетику, промышленность и управление отходами. Реализация планов по сокращению выбросов парниковых газов является общеэкономической целью и предусматривает меры, которые должны быть приняты в большом количестве секторов », – объясняет г-жа Ставчук.

Недавно назначенный министр охраны окружающей среды и природных ресурсов Украины  Роман Абрамовский заявил, что борьба с промышленным загрязнением будет одним из приоритетных направлений деятельности министерства.

«Приоритетными направлениями деятельности Министерства станут меры против промышленных отходов и реализация Директивы ЕС по предотвращению и контролю промышленного загрязнения. Вторым приоритетом является утилизация отходов », – сказал Абрамовский на брифинге в начале июля.

Как сообщалось ранее,  на заседании 27 мая Кабинет Министров Украины принял решение разделить Министерство энергетики и охраны окружающей среды на два органа: Министерство охраны окружающей среды и природных ресурсов (Министерство природных ресурсов) и Министерство Энергетика Украины (Министерство энергетики).

В конце июня Министерство охраны окружающей среды и природных ресурсов  было внесено  в Единый государственный реестр юридических лиц, индивидуальных предпринимателей и общественных организаций.

Украинский парламент  назначил  Романа Абрамовского министром охраны окружающей среды и природных ресурсов. Ранее Ирина Ставчук  была назначена  первым заместителем министра.